What effects does nicotine have on the body?
Nicotine is a popular ingredient in tobacco products, and is addictive. It is also the ingredient that causes that undisputed grumpiness when someone is trying to give up a vice – as they’re craving the nicotine stimulation that their bodies have grown accustomed to.
Interestingly, nicotine is a stimulant as well as a sedative (think of it as the chemical version of Switzerland’s neutrality – it doesn’t choose one side), and is known to have some mind-altering effects on the body. Users have reported that nicotine gives them a buzz – like a ‘pick-me-up’ – or envelopes them with a sense of calm. Imagine that bite of chocolate during a craving, or that early morning coffee, and you’ll get a sense of what a nicotine addict is talking about. Indeed, chocolate is reported to release endorphins (causing the happy and calm-inducing feeling), as is nicotine, so you chocolate lovers may be more like a nicotine addict than you think.
In more scientific terms, nicotine releases noradrenaline into the bloodstream, making users feel focused and happy. Besides the adrenaline rush, nicotine also decreases the body’s production of insulin, adding to that high and buzzed feeling.
Of course, there are two sides to every coin, and this constant stimulation has its downsides, as nicotine has been said to have some adverse side effects.
Moreover, there is always a risk when indulging too much (as with most things in life). An overdose of nicotine is said to cause nicotine poisoning, which in turn induces vomiting, nausea, extreme fatigue and increased blood pressure.Yet, despite how terrible nicotine poisoning sounds, this is an extreme case. Just remember, everything in moderation.